Botanical Name: Gaultheria fragrantissima
Common Name: Wintergreen
Parts Used: Leaves
Description: Wintergreen is often used to relieve pain and inflammation, since the leaves contain a compound closely related to aspirin. Several tribes, including the Delaware and Mohican, used a tea made from the leaves to treat kidney disorders. The Great Lakes and Eastern Woodland tribes used poultices of wintergreen to treat arthritic and rheumatic aches and pains.
Active Compounds: Phenols (including gaultherin and salicylic acid), volatile oil -up to 98 methylsalicylate), mucilage, resin, tannins.
Medicinal Properties: Analgesic, astringent, carminative, diuretic, stimulant, anodyne, anti-rheumatic, antispasmodic, antiseptic, aromatic, emmenagogue.
Uses: used to staunch bloody wounds, applied to dog bites, snake bites and insect bites. Also used as a poultice, good for boils, swellings, ulcers, old sores.
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