Botanical Name: Piper longum
Common Name: Pipala, Pipali, Murjhad
English Name: Long piper
Parts Used: Fruits: dry or fresh, Root, Stem
Habit and Habitat:
Description: A small shrub with a large woody root and numerous creeping, jointed stems, thickened at the nodes. The leaves are alternate, spreading, without stipules and blade varying greatly in size. The lowest leaves are 5-7 cm long, whereas, the uppermost 2-3 cm long. The flowers are in solitary spikes. The fruits, berries, in fleshy spikes 2.5-3.5 cm long and 5 mm thick, oblong, blunt and blackish green in color. The mature spikes collected and dried, form the commercial form of pippali and the root radix is known as pippalimula.
Uses: Appetizer (Dipani), cures dyspnoea (Svasa), cough (Kasa), fever (Jvara), skin disorders (Kustha), abdominal tumor (Gulma), piles (Arsa), spleenomegaly (Pliha), pain (Sula), rheumatism (Amavata)
References: A compendium of Medicinal Plants in Nepal by Sushim Ranjan Baral and Puran Prasad Kurmi (October’ 2006)